Indian religion

Which religion will be the most important by the end of the century?

Islam is not only the fastest growing religion in the world today, but it is expected to be the most important by 2075.

Christianity has been the most popular Abrahamic religion in the world since its emergence over two thousand years ago, but it will lose its place in favor of Islam at the end of the 21st century according to the Pew Research Center.

At the beginning of the 20th century, Christianity had the greatest number of followers, namely nearly 560 million while there was 200 million Muslims at the time. In 1900, Christians made up 34 percent of the world’s population while Muslims made up 12 percent of all faiths around the world.

But this margin between Christian and Muslim populations changed drastically throughout the 20th century in favor of Islam as it became the fastest growing religion worldwide. This trend has continued into the 21st century, according to the Pew Research Center.

By 2050, “the number of Muslims will almost equal the number of Christians in the world,” if current trends in population growth continue, Bench found in 2015. If this happens, for the first time in history, both denominations will have the same status.

“Indeed, Muslims will grow more than twice as fast as the overall world population between 2015 and 2060 and, in the second half of this century, will probably overtake Christians as the largest religious group in the world, ”said another study in 2017.

As Muslim populations continued to increase across the world in the modern era, it is interesting to note that the political power of the Islam-dominated states, from the Mughals to the Ottomans, who had gradually ruled over vast areas from sub-continental Asia, the Middle East, North Africa and Eastern Europe weakened in the 19th century.

Mughal power in the subcontinent collapsed in the mid-19th century while the end of the Ottomans came after World War I in the early 20th century.

Why?

“Globally, each Muslim woman has an average of 2.9 children, compared to 2.2 for all other groups combined,” the Pew study said, referring to seven other major non-Muslim religious groups.

The world’s Muslims are also the youngest population, being “seven years younger than the median age of non-Muslims,” ​​according to the study – meaning that more young Muslims will replace older non-Muslims in the process. worldwide.

Amirah Ahmed, 17, outside her home in Fredericksburg, Virginia, United States, where the Muslim population will also drop to 2% by 2050, according to the Pew Research Center. (Jessie Wardarski / AP Archives)

Although migration is not a direct cause of population growth, due to political and economic volatility, many Muslims tend to migrate to predominantly non-Muslim states in Europe and the Americas, where they are increasing the share. Muslim populations.

According to Pew data, by 2050 almost 10% of Europe will be populated by Muslims. In the United States, Muslims will represent 2% of the population while it will be much less in Latin America according to forecasts.

There is also a conversion factor, particularly in Europe and countries in sub-Saharan Africa, where Muslim net earnings – which are calculated by subtracting those who have left Islam from new converts to the monotheistic religion – seems to beat the number of conversions to other religions during the projected period between 2010 and 2050.

“Meanwhile, the change in religion – which is expected to hamper the growth of the number of Christians by around 72 million between 2015 and 2060 – is not expected to have a net negative impact on the growth of the Muslim population,” the study.

One factor, being “unaffiliated with religion” also promotes Muslim growth, as most of these people do not reside in Muslim countries.

“Today’s population with no religious affiliation, on the other hand, is highly concentrated in places with low fertility and aging populations, such as Europe, North America, China and Japan,” he said. ‘Pew study.

Asian factor

Like the other Abrahamic religions of Judaism and Christianity, Islam also emerged in the Middle East, a region located in Asia. While much of the Christian population is not concentrated in Asia at this time, demographic forecasts clearly show that the continent will host most of the Muslim population by the end of this century.

Asia has long been the engine of global population growth in the modern era. China and India, two Asian states, lead the world’s first and second largest populations, respectively. Both countries also have large Muslim populations with whom they have a difficult relationship. Indonesia, another Asian state, is also home to the world’s largest Muslim population.

But Pew’s research shows that three decades later, India will have the world’s largest Muslim population, taking the lead from Indonesia.

The same research also indicates that India will still have a Hindu majority by 2050. But if the trends favoring increasing Muslim population continue, then in the long run India could also face loss. of its Hindu majority status.

According to Pew’s projections, between 2015 and 2060, the Muslim population will grow by 70 percent more, while Christians will grow by 34 percent more, and Hindus will experience an increase of 27 percent.

Source: TRT World


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